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国有宝藏:瑞金中央革命根据地纪念馆

发布时间:2021-09-27 17:47 | 来源: 未知

 

大家好,欢迎来到瑞金中央革命根据地纪念馆,我是馆长周景春。土地革命战争时期,毛泽东、朱德等中国共产党人在这里领导创建了全国最大的革命根据地,建立了第一个全国性的工农民主政权——中华苏维埃共和国。我们馆便是为纪念这段历史而建立。今天,我将带大家走进瑞金馆,去了解恢弘的苏区历史,探索中华苏维埃共和国与中华人民共和国的传承关系。
 
  【代表证】
 
  这张五角星形,绸布质地的代表证,是中华苏维埃第一次全国代表大会代表证。1931年11月7日,中华苏维埃第一次全国代表大会在瑞金叶坪召开,来自全国各苏区的610名代表佩戴着这个代表证参会。宣告成立中华苏维埃共和国临时中央政府,选举毛泽东为中央政府主席,毛主席的称呼从这时开始喊起,一直喊到北京,传遍世界。从此,中国共产党第一次作为执政党开始了治国理政的伟大探索。为后来新中国的政治、经济、文化等方面的建设奠定了坚实的基础。中华苏维埃共和国是中华人民共和国的伟大预言。
 
  【记帐簿】
 
  现在大家看到的这一本毛边纸记帐簿,打开的这一页清晰地记录着:“十八号,主席毛泽东住,付还大洋一元四角五分,陈奇寒。”1933年8月18日,毛泽东到当时的长胜县铲田区进行社会调查,区政府在午餐时悄悄加了几道菜,毛泽东发现后进行了严厉的批评,并指出当前我们的首要任务是发展苏区经济,支援革命战争,改善群众生活,党员干部绝不能搞特殊。次日,毛泽东返回瑞金时,坚持要按照苏维埃财务制度交付食宿费,并吩咐随行的时任江西军区参谋长陈奇寒(涵)代缴。这份帐簿看似简单,却是老一辈共产党人以身作则,廉洁奉公,艰苦奋斗,始终保持同人民群众血肉联系的生动见证。(素材不对,而且很少,主要缺少一些历史画面或者图片)
 
  【红军烈士纪念塔】
 
  接下来,我带大家看看瑞金的革命旧址。这是全国重点文物保护单位——红军烈士纪念塔(素材太少只有几个镜头不足以填补画面),是苏维埃中央政府为了纪念在历次革命战争中牺牲的红军指战员而建造的。塔高13米,由炮弹形的塔身和五角星的基座组成,寓意着“党指挥枪,枪杆子里面出政权。”塔座四周分别镌刻着毛泽东、朱德、周恩来等领导人的题词。塔的正前方草坪上铺写着“踏着先烈血迹前进”八个大字。红军主力长征后,烈士塔遭到国民党反动派的拆毁。当地一位大娘在废墟中找到了一块“烈”字石碑,偷偷将其抱回家珍藏起来。1955年,复原重建纪念塔时,大娘将石碑捐献出来,当时有工作人员问她,您为什么会冒着生命危险保存这块石碑?大娘沉默了很久,最后含着眼泪说道:“我小儿子当红军走的时候,我都没有来得及看他一眼,看到这块石碑,就像看到我的儿子一样”。今天我们看到塔身上的“烈”字就是原迹。红军烈士纪念塔是革命先烈用鲜血凝聚而成的,也是苏区人民为中国革命作出巨大牺牲与贡献的历史见证。
 
  1934年10月,中共中央、中华苏维埃共和国中央政府、中革军委及中央红军主力8.6万余人从瑞金出发,开始举世闻名的二万五千里长征。
 
  朋友们,欢迎您到红色故都、共和国摇篮、中央红军长征出发地瑞金,追根溯源,重走长征路,探寻共和国之根。我在瑞金中央革命根据地纪念馆等您!
  Hello everyone, welcome to Ruijin Central Revolutionary Base Memorial Hall,I'm Zhou Jingchun, curator of the memorial hall.During the Agrarian Revolutionary War,Mao Zedong, Zhu De and other Chinese Communists led the establishment of the largest revolutionary base in China,established the first national democratic regime of workers and peasants, The Soviet Republic of China.Our museum is built to commemorate this period of history.Today, I will take you to Ruijin hall,to understand the great history of the Soviet Area,to explore the inheritance relationship between the Chinese Soviet Republic and the people's Republic of China.

[Representative Card]
  This five pointed star shaped, silk fabric representative card,it is the representative card of the first National Congress of the Chinese Soviet.On November 7, 1931,the first National Congress of the Chinese Soviet was held in Yeping, Ruijin,610 representatives from the Soviet areas of the country wore this card to attend the meeting.Announcing the establishment of the Provisional Central Government of the Soviet Republic of China,Mao Zedong was elected chairman of the central government,Chairman Mao's address started at this time,it had been called all the way to Beijing, all over the world.Since then, for the first time, the Communist Party of China, as the ruling party, has begun the great exploration of governing the country.It laid a solid foundation for the political, economic and cultural construction of new China.The Soviet Republic of China is a great prophecy of the People's Republic of China.
 
[Account Book]
  Now you can see this rough edged book of accounts,the open page clearly records,‘on the 18th, Chairman Mao Zedong lived here,paid back one yuan and forty-five cents, Chen Qihan.’On August 18, 1933,Mao Zedong went to the then Chantian District of Changsheng County to conduct a social survey,the district government quietly added a few dishes to lunch,after Mao Zedong discovered it, he made a severe criticism,and pointed out that our primary task was to develop the economy of the Soviet Area, supported the revolutionary war, and improved the people's life,party members and cadres must not engage in special activities.The next day, when Mao Zedong returned to Ruijin,he insisted on paying for board and lodging in accordance with the Soviet financial system,he also ordered Chen Qiha, then chief of staff of Jiangxi military region, to pay on his behalf.This book looks simple,but it is the older generation of Communists set an example by being honest and hardworking,it has always been a vivid witness of maintaining flesh and blood ties with the people.
 
[Memorial Tower for Red Army Martyrs]
  Next, let me show you the revolutionary site of Ruijin.This is a national key cultural relic protection unit,Red Army Martyrs Memorial Tower,it was built by the Soviet central government in memory of the Red Army officers and soldiers who died in the revolutionary wars.The tower is 13 meters high and consists of a shell shaped tower body and a five pointed star base,it means ‘the party commands the gun, and the power comes out of the gun.’The inscriptions of Mao Zedong, Zhu De, Zhou Enlai and other leaders are engraved around the tower.On the lawn in front of the tower, there are eight characters, ‘marching on the blood of the martyrs’.After the Long March of the main force of the Red Army,the martyr tower was demolished by Kuomintang reactionaries.A local woman found a stone tablet with the word ‘Lie’ in the ruins,took it home and treasured it secretly.In 1955, when the memorial tower was rebuilt,she donated the stone tablet.At that time, a staff member asked her,why did you risk your life to preserve this stone tablet?She was silent for a long time, and finally said with tears in her eyes, ‘ when my little son left with the Red Army,I didn't even have time to look at him.Seeing this stone tablet,it's like seeing my son.’Today we see that the word ‘Lie’ on the tower is the original trace.The Red Army martyrs memorial tower is made of revolutionary martyrs' blood,it is also a historical witness of the great sacrifice and contribution made by the people of the Soviet area to the Chinese revolution.

  In October 1934,more than 86000 people from the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the central government of the Chinese Soviet Republic, the Central Revolutionary Military Commission and the main force of the Central Red Army started from Ruijin,the world-famous 25000 Li Long March began.

  Friends,welcome to Ruijin,the old red capital, the cradle of the Republic, the starting point of the long march of the Central Red Army.Let’s go back to the source, take the long march road again,and explore the roots of the Republic.I'm waiting for you at Ruijin Central Revolutionary Base Memorial Hall!
 

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京ICP备19026375号-1 京公安网安备11010102001093号 广播电视节目制作经营许可(京)字第03675号

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