华人频道

华人频道>振兴中国

国有宝藏:南昌八一起义纪念馆

发布时间:2021-09-27 17:57 | 来源: 未知
大家好!欢迎来到英雄城南昌,我是南昌八一起义纪念馆馆长王小玲。这里筹建于1956年,1958年陈毅元帅亲笔题写馆名。1959年10月1日,为庆祝新中国成立十周年献礼,八一馆正式对外开放。
  八一馆被誉为“军旗升起的地方”,这里有“一馆五址”交相呼应;这里有珍贵的革命文物,见证了中国共产党“打响第一枪”,创建人民军队的光辉起点。今天我将带领大家走进八一馆,讲讲这里的故事。
  【江西大旅社】
  这也是当年起义的总指挥部旧址——江西大旅社,建成于1924年,是当时南昌城内最高最豪华的大旅社。旅社高四层,外观呈银灰色,主立面的拱形水泥浮雕花饰和五彩斑斓的玻璃是典型的西式风格;内部是中式回字型布局。中西合璧的建筑风格,加上豪华的装修,使得江西大旅社成为达官显贵们争相造访的地方。
  1927年7月27日,周恩来秘密赶到南昌,当晚就在江西大旅社成立了南昌起义最高领导机构——中共前敌委员会。这里因此成为起义总指挥部,同一个政党一支军队紧紧相连。
  【青花釉里红葡萄纹带盖茶杯】
  这是南昌起义时贺龙使用过的青花釉里红葡萄纹带盖茶杯。起义时,贺龙还不是共产党员,作为国民党高级将领,他在革命最低潮、共产党最困难的时刻决定跟党走。离开南昌时他将随身携带的一批精美瓷器全部捐赠给了宏道中学的校长刘屏庚。一是为了表达感谢,二是决心抛弃过去锦衣玉食的生活,与共产党同甘共苦。1927年9月,贺龙在起义军到达瑞金时,光荣加入了中国共产党。
  【“收条”和“回信”】
  来到我们八一馆,不得不提一下,我馆馆藏一级文物:江西民众慰劳前敌革命将士委员会捐款给起义军的收条和回信。起义胜利后,起义军收到了一笔一万元的巨款,这笔款项是谁慷慨捐赠的呢?原来,起义前南昌成立了一个江西民众慰劳前敌革命将士委员会的左派群众组织,负责人是朱大桢先生。8月3日,他将民众所捐的一万元慰问款捐到国民党江西省党部。这时的国民党江西省党部是以共产党员为核心的国共合作组织,黄道和罗石冰均为共产党员。他们收到这笔捐款后,当即为朱大桢开出收条:“今收到贵会慰劳革命将士捐款壹万元正”。随后,二人又分头将这笔钱送到起义军中,并给朱大桢写了一封回信,内容为“迳启者昨日收存贵会转来之慰劳捐款已由本会黄道、罗石冰两常委分别送交十一军与二十军两政治(部)主任领收代为分发矣”。
  “收条”和“回信”看似简单,却意义非凡。“收条”是军民团结一家亲的历史见证;而“回信”则说明共产党有着严格的财经纪律,体现了早期共产党员严谨细致、有始有终的优良作风,是中国共产党精神的生动写照。
  朋友们,南昌是人民军队的诞生地。想要了解更多的精彩,欢迎您来到南昌八一起义纪念馆,在这里开启一段红色之旅。
  Hello everyone! Welcome to Nanchang, the heroic city,I'm Wang Xiaoling, director of Nanchang August 1 Uprising Memorial Hall.It was built in 1956. In 1958, marshal Chen Yi wrote the name of the museum.On October 1, 1959,
tocelebrate the 10th anniversary of the founding of new China,Bayi Museum was officially opened to the public.
 
  Bayi Museum is known as ‘the place where the military flag rises’,where ‘one hall and five sites’ echo each other; here are precious revolutionary cultural relics, which witness the glorious starting point of the Communist Party of China "firing the first shot" and creating the people's army.Today, I will lead you to the Bayi Museum and tell you the story here.
 
  【Jiangxi Grand Hotel】
  This is also the former site of the general headquarters of the uprising, Jiangxi Grand Hotel, which was built in 1924. It was the highest and most luxurious grand hotel in Nanchang at that time.The hotel is four stories high, and
its appearance is silver gray,the arched concrete embossed flowers and colorful glass on the main facade are typical Western style;the interior is Chinese type layout.The combination of Chinese and Western architectural style,
coupled with luxurious decoration,made Jiangxi Grand Hotel a place where dignitaries and dignitaries were competing to visit at that time.
 
  On July 27, 1927, Zhou Enlai arrived in Nanchang secretly.At that night, the Former Enemy Committee of the Communist Party of China, the highest leading body of Nanchang Uprising, was established in Jiangxi Grand Hotel. So
it became the general headquarters of the uprising,  closely linked with a political party and an army.
 
  【Blue and White Under-glaze Tea Cup with Red Grape Pattern and Cover】
  This is a blue and white under-glaze red grape covered tea cup used by he long during the Nanchang Uprising.At the time of the uprising, He Long was not a member of the Communist Party, as a senior general of the
Kuomintang, he decided to follow the party at the lowest tide of the revolution and the most difficult time for the Communist Party.When he left Nanchang, he donated all the exquisite porcelain he had with him to Liu pinggeng, the
principal of Hongdao Middle School.One is to express gratitude; the other is to decide to abandon the past rich life and share weal and woe with the Communist Party.In September 1927, He Long joined the Communist Party of
China when the rebel army arrived in Ruijin.

 
  【‘Receipt’ and ‘Reply】
  When you come to our Bayi Museum, I have to mention the first-class cultural relics in our museum: the receipt and reply of donation to the rebel army from the Jiangxi Committee of people's consolation for the revolutionary
soldiers of the former enemy.After the victory of the uprising, the rebels received a huge sum of 10000 yuan,who generously donated the money?It turned out that before the uprising,Nanchang established a left-wing mass
organization of the Jiangxi Committee of people's consolation for the revolutionary soldiers of the former enemy, headed by Mr. Zhu Dazhen.On August 3, he donated 10000 yuan of consolation money to the Jiangxi provincial Party
headquarters of the Kuomintang.At that time, the Jiangxi Provincial Party Department of the Kuomintang was a cooperative organization with the Communist Party as the core,Both Huang Dao and Luo Shibing were members of the
Communist Party.After receiving the donation,they immediately issued a receipt for Zhu Dazhen: ‘We have received 10000 yuan donation from your Association for the revolutionary soldiers’.Later, they sent the money to the
uprising army separately,and wrote a reply letter to Zhu Dazhen, which said, ‘the consolation donation received from your society yesterday has been sent to the directors of the political departments of the 11th army and the 20th
army respectively by members of the Standing Committee of Huang Dao and Luo Shibing of our society for collection and distribution’.
 
  ‘Receipt’ and ‘reply’ seem simple, but they are of great significance. The ‘receipt’ is a historical witness of the unity of the army and the people;and the ‘reply’ shows that the Communist Party has strict financial
discipline,reflects the fine style of the early Communist Party members, which is a vivid portrayal of the spirit of the Communist Party of China.
 
  My friends, Nanchang is the birthplace of the people's army.Want to know more wonderful, welcome to Nanchang Bayi Uprising Memorial Hall, here to start a red journey.
 

 

友情链接

中国网+ 百度百科 英国普罗派乐卫视 看中国网 新华网 爱奇艺 360搜索

礼赞华人精神,同聚华人力量。展示中华形象,传播中华文明。

京ICP备19026375号-1 京公安网安备11010102001093号 广播电视节目制作经营许可(京)字第03675号

礼赞华人精神,同聚华人力量。展示中华形象,传播中华文明。

京ICP备19026375号-1 京公安网安备11010102001093号 广播电视节目制作经营许可(京)字第03675号

频道
栏目
关于我们