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国有宝藏:走进邓小平故居陈列馆

发布时间:2021-03-31 14:00 | 来源:周超
  在巴蜀大地,有这样一个美丽的城市,被称为川东门户、滨江之城、伟人故里、红色旅游胜地,因改革开放总设计师邓小平同志出生在这里,而吸引了世人关注的目光。她,就是我的家乡——四川广安。在这方红色的沃土上,有一座以纪念邓小平为主题的博物馆—邓小平故居陈列馆。
 
  大家好!我是邓小平故居陈列馆馆长彭兴建,很高兴能为您当导游,带您走进小平故里,聆听春天的故事!
 
  【邓小平故居陈列馆】
 
  邓小平故居陈列馆的一砖一瓦都有特殊的意义,比如坚硬的花岗岩、柔韧的柚木,喻意着邓小平刚柔相济的性格特点;再比如右侧三个斜坡屋面,交替、重叠,愈起愈高,中间耸立起一面高墙,寓意邓小平“三落三起”波澜壮阔的人生历程和丰功伟绩。在中国历史上竖起了一座不朽的丰碑。
 
  请随我一起走进邓小平故居陈列馆,这里的文物、图片、场景,会让您全面了解邓小平同志的生平、伟业、风范,感受中华民族百年图强的雄壮与激越。
 
  【工卡】
 
  进入展厅,您一眼就能看到这张微微泛黄的卡片,这是邓小平留法勤工俭学时,在施耐德钢铁厂填写的工卡,上面清晰简明的记载了邓小平的个人信息(姓名邓希贤、年龄16岁、轧钢车间、日薪6块6法郎)。
 
  1921年3月,邓小平因交不起学费,被迫辍学,在法国施耐德钢铁找到了他人生的第一份工作拉红铁。这份工作十分危险,40℃高温的轧钢车间内,稍有不慎就会摔倒、灼伤。繁重的劳动,微薄的工资,让邓小平生存都很困难,更别说继续求学的梦想,他深深地感受到法兰西也不是人间天堂。后来,18岁的邓小平毅然加入革命队伍,接受了马克思主义,确立了自己毕生的信仰。
 
  1997年法国总统希拉克访华时,将这张工卡作为国礼相赠,几经辗转,这张工卡由邓小平的夫人卓琳捐赠给我馆,可谓来之不易,十分珍贵。
 
  【“红旗”牌检阅车】
 
  说到这里,我还想带您去看一看国家一级文物——“红旗”牌检阅车。这辆“红旗”轿车,生产于1979年,车身长6米、重3.5吨,是我国自主研发生产的第一辆无级变速的“大红旗”。
 
  1981年9月,在张家口举行了新中国成立后,规模最大的一次实兵实弹演习。当时,邓小平登上这辆红旗轿车,精神抖擞地检阅了参演部队。他看到解放军多兵种协同作战的能力进一步提高,十分欣慰,当天发表重要讲话:“必须把我军建设成为一支强大的现代化、正规化的革命军队”。
 
  1984年国庆,80岁高龄的邓小平又一次检阅中国人民解放军现代化、正规化的建设成果。而这辆“红旗”车,作为副车紧紧跟随着邓小平,它见证了邓小平开启中国特色精兵之路的伟大历程。
 
  改革春风吹拂华夏,春天故事处处流淌。朋友们,欢迎您来邓小平故居陈列馆,一起追寻中国社会主义现代化建设和改革开放总设计师的足迹,共同领略中国特色社会主义道路激荡中国、震撼世界的磅礴力量。
  There is such a beautiful city in Bashu,which is called the gateway of East Sichuan, the city of riverside,hometown of great men, red tourist resort,Comrade Deng Xiaoping, the chief designer of reform and opening up, was born here, which attracted the attention of the world.She is my hometown, Guang'an, Sichuan.On this red fertile soil,There is a museum with the theme of commemorating Deng Xiaoping - the exhibition hall of Deng Xiaoping's former residence.
  Hello everyone! I'm Peng Jianjian, director of the exhibition hall of Deng Xiaoping's former residence,I'm glad to be your guide,take you to Xiaoping's hometown,listen to the story of spring!

 
[Exhibition Hall of Deng Xiaoping's Former Residence]
  Every brick in the exhibition hall of Deng Xiaoping's former residence has a special significance,such as hard granite, flexible teak,they all mean Deng Xiaoping's character of combining hardness with softness.Another example is the three sloping roofs on the right,alternation, overlapping, the higher the rise,a high wall stands in the middle,which means Deng Xiaoping's magnificent life course and great achievements of ‘three up and three down’.It has set up an immortal monument in Chinese history.
  Please follow me into the exhibition hall of Deng Xiaoping's former residence,the cultural relics, pictures and scenes here,will give you a comprehensive understanding of Comrade Deng Xiaoping's life, great cause and style,feel the magnificence and excitement of the Chinese nation's hundred year history.

 
[Work Card]
  When you enter the exhibition hall, you can see this yellowing card at a glance,this is when Deng Xiaoping did work-study program in France,the work card that was filled in at Schneider Steel Factory.It clearly records Deng Xiaoping's personal information(name Deng Xixian, age 16, steel rolling workshop, daily salary 6.6 francs).
  In March 1921,Deng Xiaoping was forced to drop out of school because he couldn't afford the tuition,he found his first job of pulling red iron in Schneider Steel in his life.This job is very dangerous,in the steel rolling workshop at 40 ℃,If you are not careful, you might fall and burn.Heavy labor, meager wages,it is very difficult for Deng Xiaoping to survive,not to mention the dream of continuing to study,He deeply felt that France was not heaven on earth.Later, 18-year-old Deng Xiaoping resolutely joined the revolutionary team,he accepted Marxism,established a lifelong belief.
  When French President Jacques Chirac visited China in 1997,he gave this work card as a national gift,after several twists and turns, this work card was donated to our library by Zhuo Lin, Deng Xiaoping's wife,which is hard won and precious.

 
[‘Red Flag’ Inspection Car]
  At this point,I would also like to take you to see the national first-class cultural relics - ‘red flag’ inspection car.This ‘red flag’ car was produced in 1979,the body is 6 meters long and weighs 3.5 tons,it is the first CVT ‘big red flag’ independently developed and produced in China.
  In September 1981,after the founding of new China in Zhangjiakou,the largest live fire exercise.At that time, Deng Xiaoping boarded the red flag car,he reviewed the troops in high energy.He saw that the PLA's ability of multi arms cooperative operations was further improved,he felt very glad,he delivered an important speech on the same day‘We must build our army into a powerful, modernized and regularized revolutionary army.’
  On the national day of 1984,Eighty-year-old Deng Xiaoping again reviewed the achievements of the modernization and normalization of the PLA.This ‘red flag’ car, as an auxiliary car, closely followed Deng Xiaoping,it witnessed Deng Xiaoping's great course of starting the road of elite troops with Chinese characteristics.
 
  The spring breeze of reform blows across China,Spring stories flow everywhere.Friends, welcome to the exhibition hall of Deng Xiaoping's former residence,let’s trace the footprints of the chief designer of China's socialist modernization drive, reform and opening up,jointly appreciate the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the great power that stirs China and shakes the world.
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礼赞华人精神,同聚华人力量。展示中华形象,传播中华文明。

京ICP备19026375号-1 京公网安备11010102001093号 广播电视节目制作经营许可(京)字第03675号